1. Introduction and summary
South Africa currently has 91 Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreaks in the previous FMD-free zone, comprised of three outbreak events. The first event started in May 2021 and is affecting KwaZulu-Natal Province. The second outbreak event started in March 2022 in the previous free zone in Limpopo Province with spread to northern Gauteng Province in April 2022. The third outbreak even also started in March 2022 in North West Province, with spread to Free State and Gauteng Province. The affected linked locations in Gauteng and Free State Provinces were depopulated and those outbreaks will be officially closed once the disinfection processes have concluded.